Constant declarations

July 10, 2023

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If you’ve been reading me for a while, you’ll recall we’ve already talked about constants in Go. However, we’ve done it in a slightly more abstract sense; constant literals, and they’re types.

Here we’re finally to the discussion of declaring named constants:

Constant declarations

A constant declaration binds a list of identifiers (the names of the constants) to the values of a list of constant expressions. The number of identifiers must be equal to the number of expressions, and the _n_th identifier on the left is bound to the value of the nth expression on the right.

ConstDecl      = "const" ( ConstSpec | "(" { ConstSpec ";" } ")" ) .
ConstSpec      = IdentifierList [ [ Type ] "=" ExpressionList ] .

IdentifierList = identifier { "," identifier } .
ExpressionList = Expression { "," Expression } .

There’s more to be said, which we’ll cover in the coming day or two, but for now, let’s just look at some examples, so this isn’t entirely abstract:

const foo = 123  // A single, untyped numeric constant

const bar int = 234 // A numeric constant of type int

const a, b c = "a", "b", "c" // Three untyped string constants

// I'm sure you can figure these out...
const (
  x = 789
  y = "yup"
  z bool = true

Quotes from The Go Programming Language Specification Version of December 15, 2022

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